top of page

Unveiling the Enigma: What Causes Endometriosis?

The exact cause of endometriosis remains elusive, but several factors may contribute to its development:

  1. Retrograde Menstruation: During menstruation, blood containing endometrial cells can flow backward along the fallopian tubes into the pelvis. While most women's bodies absorb or break down this blood, in some cases, endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus, triggering symptoms.

  2. Family History: Women with a close relative, such as a mother or sister, diagnosed with endometriosis are significantly more likely to develop the condition themselves.

  3. Immune System Dysfunction: If the immune system fails to halt the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, endometriosis can develop.

woman in pain and text bloating and back pain during your period pain and hati health logo
Endometriosis symptoms may include bloating, back and pelvic pain, among others.

While endometriosis cannot be prevented, certain factors may reduce the likelihood of its development:

  • Irregular periods

  • Breastfeeding

  • Progestin-only hormone therapy

  • Pregnancy, which may decrease the risk due to increased progesterone levels

Endometriosis can lead to various complications beyond pelvic pain, including heightened susceptibility to other pain conditions like migraines and arthritis, as well as bladder and bowel issues. Additionally, women with endometriosis face an increased risk of uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, cancerous tumors in organs like the thyroid gland, ovary, and breast, autoimmune diseases, early natural menopause, and heart disease.

Understanding the menstrual cycle sheds light on how endometriosis arises. Most women's endometrium lining changes cyclically, thickening and shedding with menstruation. However, in some women, tissue resembling endometrial lining grows outside the uterus. The exact cause is unclear but could be linked to hormonal imbalances, genetic predisposition, or issues with period flow.

Despite ongoing research, the cause of endometriosis remains multifaceted, with complex interactions between genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. It's essential to raise awareness, promote early detection, and support ongoing research to improve understanding and management of this challenging condition.

Consult with one of our doctors if you have questions around your health, symptoms and pain. We provide available resources for you to discover concerns around your health, discreetly.


Hati Health is a digital platform for women, providing on-demand access to products and services, including telehealth, symptom checking, holistic wellness plans and education.

We believe that being able to talk openly about women's healthcare and bringing appropriate solutions will inspire women to achieve their fullest potential in their personal and professional lives.

25 views0 comments


Commenting has been turned off.
bottom of page